In an age where data drives decision-making and automation, deep learning (DL) has become a cornerstone of many industries, influencing everything from healthcare to finance. DL has become pervasive with applications in a wide range of fields, including computer vision, natural language processing, voice applications, and robotics. The rise of Generative AI and Large Language Models (LLMs) is fueling even more interest in DL, as these foundation models have shown the potential to create new and innovative applications.
Beyond the imperative of collecting application and domain-specific data, a crucial aspect of this transformation is anchored in two pivotal stages of a machine learning project: Model Development and Evaluation, as well as Model Optimization and Conversion. As AI applications continue to push the envelope, these two stages have taken center stage, particularly for teams that aspire to deploy AI models both efficiently and cost-effectively.
The model development phase, which encompasses training and evaluation, now frequently includes a process known as domain-specific model refinement (DSMR). This is largely due to the proliferation of Generative AI and Large Language Models. DSMR includes fine-tuning and is all about refining models to ensure they can handle the intricacies of a particular domain or context.
Once a model is trained, the optimization phase begins, ensuring that the model is not just accurate, but also efficient. A model destined for deployment must be lightweight, fast, and compatible with its target hardware, be it for real-time applications or deployment on edge devices. As a result, teams likely need to weigh factors such as accuracy, latency, inference cost, energy consumption, and more.
Navigating a fragmented stack
While PyTorch is the preferred framework for most NLP and LLM projects, TensorFlow remains widely used in computer vision, and researchers (particularly from Deepmind) continue to publish projects that use JAX. Some Chinese companies also continue to use homegrown frameworks such as PaddlePaddle and MindSpore. Model developers frequently come across open-source tools and models that are incompatible with their projects. Confronted with crucial libraries, layers, or models tied to a different framework, they face the difficult and error-prone task of porting it.
The need to balance accuracy, cost, latency, memory, energy consumption, and other edge-specific constraints adds another layer of complexity to getting the best runtime efficiency for models. Teams must contend with incompatible infrastructure when compiling models into streamlined representations and executing them on particular hardware and environments. End users frequently experience frustratingly slow applications and exorbitant costs to maintain model operations. This sluggishness arises as many teams find it challenging to thoroughly evaluate often incompatible infrastructure.
Additionally, GPU shortages have intensified the challenges faced by deployment teams. In a time plagued by hardware scarcities, the ability to deploy models across diverse platforms is paramount. Managing the substantial weight parameters of Generative AI and LLMs on individual devices poses significant challenges. Strategies like model sharding, parallel approaches, and approximations for smaller devices have to be considered.
Yet, despite these challenges, solutions are emerging. Tools and techniques exist to streamline the deployment of trained models into configurations optimized for real-world use. Whether using torch.XLA bindings, exporting to ONNX, or tapping into TensorFlow Lite, teams are devising strategies for optimal deployment. They utilize enhanced graph representations (DAG), and employ techniques like operator fusion, quantization, and graph rewriting throughout the computation graph. As a result, they pave the way for more comprehensive model optimization, especially on edge devices.
Ivy is a suite of tools poised to transform the way we deploy machine learning models. If you’ve grappled with the complications of integrating multiple frameworks or longed for a unified interface for AI Compilers, Ivy is the solution you’ve been waiting for.
Ivy acts as the nucleus for AI Compilers. This centrality ensures streamlined development and deployment. With its strong emphasis on performance enhancement and affordability, Ivy offers hope for AI teams seeking to accelerate, improve, and reduce the cost of machine learning workflows.
Ivy’s powerful transpiler gives users the ability to seamlessly convert code across various frameworks, ensuring that tools integrate effortlessly across the broad machine learning landscape. The result is unprecedented flexibility and optimization. Another notable component is a deployment engine which accords users the freedom to optimize for any hardware backend for their code execution. This autonomy promises significant cost savings and simplifies the deployment journey.
Ivy has integrations with both open-source and proprietary tools. Users benefit from ecosystems around multiple open source technologies, such as Apache TVM, MLIR, OpenAI Triton, and Hugging Face Optimum, as well as proprietary technologies like TitanML and Neural Magic. By collaborating with key ecosystems and vendors, Ivy provides its users a comprehensive view of tools ensuring they benefit from updates to constantly evolving frameworks, infrastructure, and hardware.
Regular AI users seek optimized models. As more teams explore AI and deep learning, it’s evident that models should be customized for specific hardware and use cases to ensure efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and low latency. With its unified approach to deployment and model development, Ivy ensures that AI teams can work more efficiently, save on costs, and enjoy a more streamlined process for building and deploying models. By bridging the gap between different frameworks and hardware configurations, and by offering a suite of tools that are both powerful and user-friendly, Ivy stands poised to simplify AI deployment.
Ivy’s magic extends beyond deployment, as it also offers significant advantages for model development. Imagine the power of transpiling any function, model, or even an entire library into your chosen framework with just one line of code. With Ivy, this dream becomes closer to reality. For instance, converting a computer vision library scripted in PyTorch into a TensorFlow-ready library is as simple as using Ivy’s transpile function.
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